Upcoming Durbin Amendment Clarification To Change How Cardholder's Transactions Are Routed
posted on Thursday, May 11, 2023 in SHAZAM Blog
When the Federal Reserve created Regulation II (Debit Card Interchange Fees and Routing), the implementing regulation for the Durbin Amendment in 2011, debit card issuers had to enable two unaffiliated networks on their cards.
Technology and how people use their debit cards have evolved since the rule became law. In the Federal Reserve’s triennial payments study, the central bank said the number of non-prepaid debit card payments had the largest increase of all card types. Non-prepaid debit cards reached 87.8 billion payments, or approximately 56 percent of all card payments in 2021. The total value of those payments increased by more than a trillion dollars to $3.94 trillion. The average amount per transaction is $45, an increase of 12.7%.
Customers shopped online before the COVID-19 pandemic, but a desire to limit interactions with people to slow the spread of the virus resulted in a surge of online sales. These consumer behavior changes have become permanent, and e-commerce continues to grow. Today approximately 50 – 60% of cardholder debit transactions are PINless or card-not-present. Most of these transaction types are being performed as dual-message transactions across the global network “credit rails”, where debit card routing choice has not been realized.
To account for these transactions, the Federal Reserve made clarifications to Regulation II last October. Effective July 1, debit card issuers must enable at least two payment card networks to process all debit card transactions, including card-not-present transactions, such as online payments.
Financial institutions (FIs) must enable all transaction types with each of the two unaffiliated networks on their cards. However, not all networks are created equally. The gross interchange and fees vary. These rates and fees directly affect the net interchange income a bank or credit union earns on their share of the nearly 90 billion yearly transactions accountholders make with their non-prepaid debit cards.
The SHAZAM Payments Network, coupled with one global brand, meets the Fed’s clarification issuer requirements. Meaning there’s no need to add a third network to meet requirements. SHAZAM works with banks and credit unions and their EFT processors to support all transaction types. Our network processes a variety of single and dual-message transactions cardholders perform daily, including card-present in store, online, Contact/Contactless EMV®, recurring and many more.
Contact us to make sure your debit cards are maximizing your net interchange income.
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